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Fishing Lines 101 - Everthing you need to know about what's between you and your next fish

By Todd Spurgeon

fishing lines 101In today's world of marketing fishing tackle, not one item is more important than what's between you and the fish. THE LINE! There are many types of fishing line, just go to your local tackle store, and you'll literally see walls full, so what's what?

The types of line available are: Monofilament fishing line, the everyday type, which is a resin based line and probably the most widely used, and economical. Copolymer line, which is a hybrid monofilament that won't freeze. Braided line, which is fibre twisted with or without cores and coatings (super lines, be warned, you'll shell out the cash). Fluorocarbon line, which literally disappears underwater (also expensive, but is incredible in leader length sizes, especially for wary smallmouths

All of the above lines come in an array of colours, diameters and lbs test strength. So which is best for you? Simple things to keep in mind. Try to match line colour to the water colour (green for vegetation, clear for open water and pink, well you pick).

The important factors of any fishing line are the abrasion resistance. Does the line have a stretch factor or visibility? For instance. The smaller the diameter along with the higher the strength of a line will increase your catch (no more 20 lbs test fishing line for 2 lbs fish). Monofilament line is great for general all purpose open water fishing. Copolymer is great in colder conditions and general fishing applications.

Braided lines on the other hand, are great in heavily structured vegetation, rock or wooded areas because of its near zero stretch factor. It also has small diameter and superior abrasion resistance and strength. In some situations, Braided line is also good for general fishing applications, but take note, because of the zero stretch factor, more stresses are applied to your chosen rod and reel combination. This can decrease the drag which is necessary when playing a fish to save your gear.

The new Fluorocarbon zero visibility lines are great for leader material on your main braided or monofilament lines. Fluorocarbon, unfortunately has what is called "memory" and may coil when used as a main line. Therefore, 4 to 8 foot leaders are best. Use a lighter lbs strength leader than the main line and you will only have to replace your leader when abrased or broken (DON'T LET THE BIG ONE GET AWAY!)

So in summary, remember to use the smallest diameter, best abrasion resistant, lowest visibility, lightest lbs strength you can for the species you're after. Whatever line you choose remember to change it frequently, as UV light (sunlight) deteriorates most fishing lines. This could weaken your chances of having the best fish picture of a lifetime. Don't be afraid to re-tie sections of line that are nicked, abrased or thin. It will save you a lot of money in tackle.

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